Hough,  Colonel John

Hough, Colonel John

Male 1757 - 1832  (74 years)

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  • Name Hough, John  [1, 2
    Title Colonel 
    Born 28 Dec 1757  Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Died 19 Nov 1832  Unadilla, Otsego, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Buried Otsego, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • Union Cemetery
    Person ID I23475  Sullivan Burgess Family Tree | Charlemagne I Descendant, The Hyde History, Mayflower Descendant Brewster, Mayflower Descendant Winslow, William The Conqueror Descendent
    Last Modified 15 Sep 2018 

    Father Hough, David,   b. 27 Jan 1724, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jul 1798, Bozrah, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Clark, Desire,   b. 3 Aug 1728, Lebanon, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jan 1764, Bozrah, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 35 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 19 May 1748  Milford, New Haven, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Family ID F7007  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Hough, Susannah,   b. 22 Sep 1757, Bozrah, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Nov 1841  (Age 84 years) 
    Children 
     1. Hough, Susan,   b. 31 Jan 1787, Bozrah, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Sep 1818, Unadilla, Otsego, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 31 years)  [natural]
     2. Hough, John,   b. 13 Aug 1791, Bozrah, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Aug 1820, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years)  [natural]
     3. Hough, Clark,   b. 1794,   d. 5 Dec 1854, Preston, Chenango, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years)  [natural]
     4. Hough, Col David,   b. 1798, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Oct 1866, Unadilla, Otsego, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 15 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F11613  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 28 Dec 1757 - Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 19 Nov 1832 - Unadilla, Otsego, New York, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Otsego, New York, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Headstones
    Hough, John 1757 Grave Stone
    Hough, John 1757 Grave Stone

    Family Crest
    Hough Family Crest
    Hough Family Crest
    Mayflower Decendants
    Mayflower Decendants

  • Notes 
    • Col John Hough (6th Gen) was the fifth son of David and Desire (Clark) Hough. He was born in Norwich, Connecticut on December 28, 1757. He was a carpenter and joiner by trade, a trade carried through all six generations of his family in the New World.

      In January 1776, at the age of eighteen, he enlisted in Capt Mason’s Company in a Regiment of the Connecticut Line commanded by Col Wadsworth and went to Boston when there was an expected British invasion of that city. This was a two months enlistment. In June 1776, he again enlisted, this time for six months, in the Company commanded by Capt Clark, in the Regiment of the Connecticut Line commanded by Col Sage. There he served in the New York Campaign.

      In the New York Campaign, the British General Howe had landed some 30,000 troops on Staten Island, New York in June 1776. Opposing Howe was George Washington with 17,000 Colonials on Long Island. The armies engaged on Long Island in August and the battle resulted in a disastrous defeat for the colonists. Washington barely saved his army from total defeat by retreating across the Delaware River into New Jersey, the last of his army crossing December 8, 1776. John Hough, completing his enlistment in December, was discharged, probably having had enough of the British. His brother Wade, serving in the same Company, was killed in the Battle of Long Island.

      In the spring of 1780, John Hough again enlisted in the Service. This time for six months. He served in a Company commanded by Capt Miles or Web in a Regiment of the Connecticut Line Commanded by Col John Sumner. His unit served at West Point, New York, on the high bank of the Hudson River.

      The British strategy throughout the war had been to split the colonies. First, they drove down from Canada through Lake Champlain, but were defeated at the battle of Saratoga. Then they drove south from Kingston, Ontario, through the Mohawk Valley toward Albany, but were defeated at the battle of Oriskany. At the same time, British General Howe would drive up the Hudson Valley from New York City to meet these thrusts from Canada, thus splitting off the colonies. West Point was the strong American position blocking Howe from moving north.

      History records, as every student knows, that the American general, Benedict Arnold, commanding West Point, plotted with the British to surrender the fort. A British officer, Major John Andre, landed from a British warship on the Hudson River, under a flag of truce, to meet with General Arnold. There they plotted how Arnold would surrender West Point. Major Andre was given detailed plans of the fortress. Unfortunately for Andre, the ship that had landed him was forced down river by American gunfire, requiring him to return to New York by land. He attempted to slip through the American lines, dressed in civilian clothes given him by Arnold. When almost reaching New York, he was stopped by three Militiamen from Schoharie, NY who searched him, finding the evidence of Arnold’s treason in his boot.

      John Hough’s Company held Major Andre in charge, pending a military courts martial, where he was found guilty and sentenced to be hanged. John Hough claims in his pension application that he witnessed the hanging. This took place on October 2, 1780. Hough claims that he and others felt strongly that Major Andre’s request to be shot rather than hanged should have been honored, believing this to be a death more worthy of a soldier.

      The justice of John Andre’s execution has been much discussed by historians and was controversial at the time. He did act as a spy, but under orders and entirely contrary to his own convictions. George Washington’s apparent harshness in refusing the condemned man a soldier’s death has always been questioned.

      Following the war, John Hough married Susannah Johnson on November 18, 1782 at Bozrah, Connecticut. Susannah was born September 22, 1757 at Bozrah, daughter of Ebenezar and Anna (Mills) Johnson. They settle in Bozrah where he was Justice of the Peace, a deacon of the church, Colonel of Militia, and a member of the state legislature.

      Exactly when Col Hough came to New York is uncertain. Some accounts say 1816 or 1818. He claims, in his pension application for war service, that it was 1814. Mary Hubbard (Hough), his [grand] daughter, claims it was 1814. This is probably correct. Most of the children were, by this time, married and some preceded him to New York.

      By 1814 we are fairly certain that John Hough had arrived in Unadilla, Otsego, New York. He was 55 years old. He bought land, Wallace Patent - Lot 86 (71 acres) from H. Livingston for $600. The mortgage was discharged as recorded at the Otsego County courthouse in 1819 (Z-315).

      In 1816, he completed a home located on what is currently New York State Route 7, between Sidney and Unadilla. The house still stands and is a landmark home in the area. It is a large brick home on the north side of the road about 100 yards from the Union Cemetery, where both he and his wife are buried. The bricks were made on the farm and many homes and chimneys in the area have bricks made on the Hough farm.

      In 1831, son David Hough purchased the farm from his father for $1,000 (see Otsego County courthouse record UU 58). By this time, John Hough was 73 years old.

      On October 2, 1832, Col John Hough appeared before the Judge of the Otsego County Court, declaring his service in the Revolution and applying for a pension under a Act of Congress on June 7, 1832. His Certificate of Pension was issued, but after his death on November 19, 1832, age 75.

      The following obituary appeared in the Norwich, New York newspaper, the Anti-Mason Telegraph Vol 4, Number 36, dated Wednesday December 5, 1832:

      “Died - At Unadilla, Otsego, on the 19th after a protracted illness in which he exemplified the religion of Jesus Christ which had long professed, Col John Hough, a soldier of the Revolution, aged 75 years. Sensible to the last he took leave of his friends with full assurance of meeting his God in peace. Editors in New London County (Connecticut) are requested to insert the above.”

  • Sources 
    1. [S206] Hyde Genealogy Descendants in the Female as Well as in the Male Lines by Reuben Hyde Walworth, Reuben Hyde Walworth, (Date: 1864;).

    2. [S167] FindAGrave, (Name: www.findagrave.com;).
      Record for Col John Hough

    3. [S105] Connecticut; Birth, Death and Marriage Records, Fifth Book page 51.