Burgess,  Thomas II

Burgess, Thomas II

Male 1601 - 1685  (83 years)

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  • Name Burgess, Thomas  [1
    Suffix II 
    Born 16 Aug 1601  Truro, Cornwall, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Arrival 1630  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Find A Grave Memorial 38446827 
    Died 13 Feb 1685  Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Buried Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Old Town Cemetery
    Person ID I31736  Sullivan Burgess Family Tree
    Last Modified 15 Sep 2018 

    Father Burgess, Thomas I,   b. 1580, Truro, Cornwall, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jul 1626, Truro, Cornwall, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Pye, Elizabeth,   b. 1572, Truro, Cornwall, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jun 1626, Truro, Cornwall, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Family ID F10846  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Goodman, Dorothy Waynes,   b. 1605, Barton, Lancashire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Feb 1687, Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Burgess, Thomas III,   b. 1627, Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Feb 1717, Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 90 years)  [natural]
    +2. Burgess, John I,   b. 10 Feb 1628, Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Mar 1719, Yarmouth, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 91 years)  [natural]
    +3. Burgess, Joseph,   b. 10 Feb 1628, Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aug 1695, Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)  [natural]
    +4. Burgess, Elizabeth,   b. 1629, Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Sep 1717, Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 88 years)  [natural]
    +5. Burgess, Jacob,   b. 1631, Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Mar 1718, Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)  [natural]
    Histories
    Kings County Branch of Burgess Descendants
    Kings County Branch of Burgess Descendants
    Last Modified 15 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F10845  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 16 Aug 1601 - Truro, Cornwall, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrival - 1630 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 13 Feb 1685 - Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Sandwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Burgess, ThomasII and Dorothy Waynes Goodman
    Burgess, ThomasII and Dorothy Waynes Goodman

    Documents
    Burgess, Thomas 1601 and Dorthy Goodman Waynes Death Record
    Burgess, Thomas 1601 and Dorthy Goodman Waynes Death Record

    Headstones
    Burgess, Thomas 1601 Grave Stone
    Burgess, Thomas 1601 Grave Stone
    Burgess, Thomas 1601 Grave Stone
    Burgess, Thomas 1601 Grave Stone

    Family Crest
    Burgess Family Crest
    Burgess Family Crest
    This interesting surname is of Old French origin, and derives from the Middle English "burge(i)s", a development of the Old French "burgeis" meaning inhabitant and freeman of a fortified town, especially one with municipal rights and duties. Burgesses generally had tenure of land or buildings from a landlord by "burgage". In medieval England burgage involved the payment of a fixed money rent. In Scotland it involved payment in service, guarding the town. The surname dates back to the early 12th Century (see below), and early recordings include Ralph le1 Burgeis (1195), in the Pipe Rolls of Sussex, and Philip Burges (1220), in the Cartulary of Oseney Abbey, Oxford. Variations in the spelling of the surname include Burgis, Burgise and Borges. London Church Registers record the marriages of Davye Burges to Agnes Taylor on January 27th 1582, at St. Thomas the Apostle, and Robert Parrin Burgess to Mary Langford on February 10th 1750, at St. Bartholomew the Great. A Coat of Arms granted to a Burgess family is blue, a fesse between a crescent in chief and a rose in base, all gold. The Crest is a gold fleur-de-lis. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Geoffrey Burgeis, which was dated 1115, in the "Winton Rolls of Hampshire", during the reign of King Henry 1, known as "The Lion of Justice", 1100 - 1135. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling
    Burgess Family Crest
    Burgess Family Crest

  • Notes 
    • “he arrived in Salem with a young family not far from 1630, and lodged for a time at Lynn. A section of land was assigned to him, in that part of Plymouth called Duxbury, July 3, 1637. This section of land, being forfeited by his removal to Sandwich in the same year, was assigned to Nicholas Robbins, November 5, 1638, who made to the former occupant some remuneration for fences and culture.
      In the settlement of Sandwich, Thomas Burgess became associated with Edmund Freeman, Henry Feake, Richard Chad-well, William Almy, Thomas Tupper, William Wood, Edward Dillingham, John Carman, George Knott, and Thomas Dexter. " He was," says Dr. Savage, "a chief man of them." In the church, instituted in 1638, under the pastoral care of William Leverich, he was an original member. In process of time he became a large landholder, and with advancing age he was called Goodman Burgess. He served the town in every office, humble or honorable, from road-surveyor to deputy to the Court at Plymouth, for several successive years.
      There is a charm in the fact that the patriarchal estate has never been alienated from the family. Benjamin,-the founder of the commercial house of Benjamin Burgess and Sons, Boston, -a lineal descendant of the sixth generation, held it in his possession, and in 1863, could point out the old cellar in which Thomas stored his fruits, and the bubbling fountain from which he drank for forty-eight years,-dying, February 13, 1685, aged eighty-two years. His grave was honored with a monumenteil slab, imported from England. " This was the only monument," says Amos Otis, Esq., "set up for any pilgrim of the first generation." Dorothy, his wife, died Feb. 27, 1687.
      The descendants of Thomas Burgess, thousands in number, are dispersed from Maine to California. They are chiefly devoted, as it should be, to agriculture. Many navigate the seas. Some are employed in the mechanic arts, and others are found in the medical, clerical and legal professions. As a race, they hold fast their moral and religious integrity., But some do not so far appreciate their alliance to tbe Puritan Pilgrim of the Old Colony, as to send forwa^Road their names to be enrolled in these Records. Such may find their curiosity stimulated, to trace out their genealogy more privately, by the aid of a few direct lines of descent, from the first to the seventh generation.
      WILL OF THOMAS BURGESS. The orthography slightly amended.
      I, Thomas Burgess, Senr., of Sandwich, being through God's goodness full of years, and waiting for my change, and yet having my understanding remaining with me,-blessed be God,-and also through God's great goodness being possessed of a competent outward estate, do now on serious consideration make this my last Will and Testament, touching the disposal of my estate after my dear wife and myself be decently buried, and all necessary charges defrayed, and all debts paid, the remaining part I give as fol-loweth:
      Item. I give unto my eldest son, Thomas Burgess, of Rhode Island, five pounds out of my movable estate, to be paid by my executors after our decease.
      Item. I give unto my son, Jacob Burgess, upon good consideration, all my house-lot, dwelling-house, barn and out-houses, all my upland on both sides of the cartway, all that belongs to my homestead dwelling. I also give him all my meadow that I have lying below Michael Blackwell's dwelling-house on both sides of Scussett river, for him my said son Jacob Bur-fess to enjoy, use and possess during his natural life; and after his decease give the said dwelling-house, barn and all the forementioned lands, both upland and meadow, to his son Thomas Burgess, my grandson, to him and his heirs forever. But if my said grandson die without heirs, then my will is that the said house and lands above-mentioned shall return to the next heir of my son, Jacob Burgess. I give also to my said son, Jacob Burgess, all my land lying near and adjacent to Thomas Tupper's lands below the cartway, having Mr. Freeman's land on the western side. These I give to him upon this condition, that he, my said son Jacob Burgess, pay or cause to be paid unto my grandson Thomas Burgess, son of my son John Burgess, ten pounds in good pay, to be made to him my grandson, at twenty-three years of age.
      Item. I give unto my son, Joseph Burgess, the first and second lots th^t adjoin his other lands near his house, if my said son accept of them so as to pay unto my son, John Burgess, five pounds; but if my son Joseph refuse said lands upon such terms, as to pay said five pounds as aforesaid, then my will is that said land return to my son, Ezra Perry, and that he perform the condition,-I mean by two lots, those lots that were once * * *; then I give them: I give to my said son, Ezra Perry, all my other lands that lie above the said two lots, for him to enjoy forever, the which lands I bought of Mr. Edward Freeman, II
      Item. I give to my dear wife all my movable estate, to be at her own disposing at her decease. I mean chattels of all sorts that I may have.
      And I do appoint and ordain my son, Ezra Perry, and my son, Jacob
      Burgess, to be my Executors to see this my last Will performed, as I witness under my hand and seal, this fourth day of April, 1684.”
      BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH FROM SEVERAL SOURCES: The origin of Thomas Burgess, the immigrant, is not yet verified. Although there are claims that he was born in 1601 to a gentry family in Truro, Cornwall, England, it is more likely that he was not a member of the gentry as class distinctions were rigidly observed even in early Massachusetts and he is referred to as Goodman Burgess while living in Massachusetts instead of being called "Mr. Burgess." Also, he could not sign his name on documents, using a mark instead, indicating that he was not educated. It is more likely that he was born in Yorkshire, where it is believed that probably he is the Thomas Burgess who married Dorothy Waynes in Tanfield, Yorkshire, England in 1628. There are claims that he first arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630, which also is unlikely. These issues are discussed in an article, "Doubting Thomases," prepared by Joseph Earl Burgess that is available on the Ancestry.com website. Mr. Burgess refers to extensive research on these issues by noted genealogist Winifred Lovering Holman (Mrs. Frank R. Dodge), available with the title of Burgess Lineage at the library of the New England Historic Genealogical Society in Boston, MA. The late Mrs. Dodge asserts that "there seems not an iota of documentary proof for the idea. My careful study shows no evidence that Thomas was ever of the Bay Colony" [Salem was in the Massachusetts Bay Colony]. All that is actually known is that on 3 Jul 1637 he received land in Duxbury in the Plymouth Colony, but forfeited that land to move to Sandwich on Cape Cod, settling in the area now called Sagamore.. In Sandwich he was one of the leading citizens--an original church member in 1638, a large landholder, and a holder of a number of offices in the community. Thomas Burgess fought in the Narragansett War in 1642 and in that year he was elected to represent Sandwich in the provincial legislature where he continued to serve his constituency in that capacity for eleven consecutive years, a term of service among the longest periods of representation in the Colony, The deputies were elected annually, and there were usually eighteen for the entire Colony. His name also appears as a town selectman. He was to help with the surveying, 'to lay out and order the true bounds of every inhabitant's lands' in 1658 at Sandwich. Thomas Burgess died on 13 Feb 1684/1685 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Plymouth Colony {later in Massachusetts]. His wife Dorothy died there on 27 Feb 1687/1688. Prior to 1752, the new year began on March 25.. In the instances of these deaths, under current calendaring procedures the years of death would be 1685 and 1688. Both years for each event should be included in recording such an event. He left a will dated 4 Apr 1684 that was proven on 4 Mar 1684/1685.. He and his wife are buried in the Old Town Cemetery in Sandwich, a new tombstones having been erected in 1917. Fragments of the original tombstones now being used as footstones.
      THIRD GENERATION.
      The old family cradle of Thomas Burgess was rocked near the seaside. The bay was spread out in full view, and the roar of the surf was heard in every tempest. His athletic sons, early accustomed to adventure in the fisheries, and poorly re­ warded by a sterile soil for work on the land, were often allured to seek their fortune on the treacherous ocean. Many of them have been ordinary mariners, and not a few the brave commanders of ships. :No pen has noted down the number of the lost, and no monumental stones indicate their resting place. In some instances, father and son, or two brothers, have fallen victims in the same disaster. Death has followed hardship and danger. In vain, anxious hearts have throbbed, and tears have freely flowed. The husband, the brother, the son, did not return. Where are so many wives made widows, and so many children fatherless, as along our maritime borders? How marvelous is the Christian doctrine, so contrary to our natural sense, "The sea shall give up the dead that are in it”
      The ocean cemetery has no inclosing wall, and no names are inscribed on its rocks. Every descendant of Thomas may know that many of his kindred sleep in tombs invisible and unvisited, around which the waves and storms chaunt a requiem. In this connection, it is grateful to acknowledge that much is done to improve the condition of mariners. There are Sailors' Homes, Mariners' Chapels, Libraries and Saving Institutions, besides the Light House, the Life Boat and other apparatus.

      The military element, too, has been strongly developed. The name in England inherits eleven distinctive heraldic emblems, or coats of armor. Thomas and his sons participated in the Indian conflicts. The patriotic fire burned in the souls of their descendants in the French war and in the Revolutionary struggle. Some fell in battle, and others died in the military camp and in the prison ship. Those who survived to return home, laid up in their houses the memorials of past danger and deliverance. The writer of these sentences, when a child, read with wonder the old parchment commissions to his fathers, with rich seals and signatures, and handled proudly their belts and swords, putting on their wigs and threecornered hats.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1071] Burgess Genealogy of 1865, compiled by the Rev. Dr. Ebenezer Burgess.

    2. [S298] Massachusetts Birth, Death, Marriage Probate and Buiral Records Archived.