Hyde,  Captain Jedediah

Hyde, Captain Jedediah

Male 1738 - 1822  (83 years)

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  • Name Hyde, Jedediah  [1, 2
    Title Captain 
    Born 24 Aug 1738  Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Died 29 May 1822  Hyde Park, Lamoille, Vermont, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I8902  Sullivan Burgess Family Tree | Charlemagne I Descendant, Ancestors of President Cleveland, The Hyde History, William The Conqueror Descendent
    Last Modified 15 Sep 2018 

    Father Hyde, Jedediah,   b. 2 Jun 1712, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Sep 1761, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Perkins, Jerusha,   b. 1 Sep 1711, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Feb 1741, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 17 Jul 1733  Milford, New Haven, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Family ID F3205  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Parker, Elizabeth 
    Last Modified 15 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F3221  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Waterman, Mary,   b. 19 Apr 1739, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Sep 1780, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years) 
    Married 28 Jan 1761  Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
    +1. Hyde, Jedediah,   b. 5 Nov 1761, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Nov 1824, Burlington, Otsego, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)  [natural]
     2. Hyde, Jerusha,   b. 24 Oct 1763, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Aug 1849, Crown Point, Essex, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)  [natural]
     3. Hyde, William,   b. 11 Sep 1765, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     4. Hyde, Arunah,   b. 21 Sep 1768, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     5. Hyde, Mary,   b. 3 Jul 1770, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
    +6. Hyde, Deborah,   b. 21 Mar 1772, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1849, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)  [natural]
    +7. Hyde, Thomas Waterman,   b. 5 Apr 1774, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Apr 1822, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)  [natural]
     8. Hyde, Pitt William,   b. 29 Dec 1776, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
    +9. Hyde, Jabez Perkins,   b. 12 Jun 1791, Hyde Park, Lamoille, Vermont, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 May 1851, Oquawka, Henderson, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 15 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F3222  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Brown, Elizabeth,   b. 1751, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Nov 1825, Hyde Park, Lamoille, Vermont, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Married 1780  Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
    +1. Hyde, Reuben C,   b. 27 Dec 1781, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Nov 1824, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 42 years)  [natural]
    +2. Hyde, Martha Post,   b. 6 Jul 1783, Pawlet, Windham, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Sep 1852, Hyde Park, Lamoille, Vermont, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)  [natural]
     3. Hyde, Elizabeth Betsey,   b. 23 Feb 1785, Poultney, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     4. Hyde, Russell,   b. 29 Mar 1787, Poultney, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     5. Hyde, Diadama,   b. 1 Jun 1789, Hyde Park, Lamoille, Vermont, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Sep 1854, Mobile, Alabama, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)  [natural]
    +6. Hyde, Jabez Perkins,   b. 12 Jun 1791, Hyde Park, Lamoille, Vermont, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 May 1851, Oquawka, Henderson, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years)  [natural]  [unknown]
     7. Hyde, Hiram,   b. 25 Sep 1796, Hyde Park, Lamoille, Vermont, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
    Last Modified 15 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F3223  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 24 Aug 1738 - Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 28 Jan 1761 - Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1780 - Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 29 May 1822 - Hyde Park, Lamoille, Vermont, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Hyde, Jedediah Cabin
    Hyde, Jedediah Cabin

    Family Crest
    Hyde Family Crest
    Hyde Family Crest
    This most interesting surname is a variant of "Hide", which has two possible origins. Firstly, it may be a topographical surname for the "holder of a hide", which described someone who lived on and farmed a piece of land originally named as a "hide of land" from the Olde English pre 7th Century "hi(gi)d". A hide was quite a substantial amount for those days, varying from sixty to one hundred and twenty acres. It seems to have been originally fixed as the amount of land necessary to support one extended family, as the Olde English word for a household, "higan", would seem to suggest a common etymology with "hi(gi)d". The name may also be a variant of the personal feminine name "Ida", with the inorganic "h" usually added to names beginning with a vowel. Avice atte Hyde was recorded in 1296 in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex. Interesting namebearers include Edward Hyde (1609 - 1674), first earl of Clarendon, who was a supporter of Charles 1 and became secretary of state, lord chancellor and chief advisor to Charles 11 at the Restoration. Edward Hyde, Esq. popularly known as Lord Cornbury, was appointed Captain General and Governor-in-Chief of New York in 1701. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert de la Hyda, which was dated 1188, in the "Pipe Rolls of Dorset", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling
    Hyde Family Crest
    Hyde Family Crest

  • Notes 
    • He was a soldier of the American Revolutionary War, rendered valiant and valuable service to the patriot cause, for which he was awarded a large tract of land in Vermont, on a part of which the Village of Hyde Park was afterward laid out, and named after him.

      From the American Revolutionary War Pension File
      of Jedediah Hyde S39759 *

      State of Vermont Orleans ss.:

      On this second day of May Anno Domini eighteen hundred and eighteen before the Subscriber one of the assistant Judges of the Court within and for said of Orleans personally appears, Jedediah Hyde aged seventy nine years resident in Hydepark in the of Orleans aforesaid, who being by me first duly sworn according to law doth, on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the provision made by the late act of Congress entitled "an act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land and naval Service of the USA in the American Revolutionary War" that he the said Jedediah was appointed and commissioned by the State of Connecticut in the month of May A.D. 1775 a first Lieutenant in a company commanded by William Coit, which company was attached to a Regiment commanded by Samuel H. Parsons of the Connecticut Line of Troops and that he served till the January following and was during that term of service in the battle of Bunker Hill that he on the first of January 1776 was appointed and commissioned a captain in a Regiment commanded by Samuel Willis of Hartford in the State of Connecticut in the Connecticut Line of Troops and Continental establishment that he faithfully served his Country till the first of January 1777 during which time he was in the battle of Flat-bush on Long Island and received a wound in the side of his head which apparently deprived him of life, and for which [he] received a pension thro the goodness of his Government of fifteen dollars per month since the year of 1807, which he here now relinquisheth in consideration of an additional pittance under the above act - that he again was appointed and commissioned, on the first of January 1777 a Captain in a Regiment, commanded by Col. John Durky of Norwich in the State of Connecticut of the Connecticut Line of Troops and Continental establishment that he served till the __ day of July 1777, at which time he resigned his commission for military reasons that could not be avoided with honor and immediately was appointed and commissioned a Captain of Marines on board the ship Warren then lying at Providence in the State of Rhode Island carrying thirty two guns, commanded by Captain John [Hopkins] of Providence, and in ten days after enlisted [sixty] men and put them on board said ship and without injury passed thro the British fleet then at anchor at New-port and arrived save at Boston then left said ship and immediately entered the ship Putnam and continued in the Naval Service of his Country till nearly the close of the war and then left the Service and retired to his Wife and children in the State of Connecticut, and that he is in reduced circumstances and stands in need of the assistance of his Country for support; and that he has no other evidence now in his power of his said services except what is herewith transmitted and the said Jedediah hath hereunto set and subscribed his name

      s Jedh Hyde

      Sworn to and declared before me, the day and year aforesaid

      s Samuel Cooke asst Judge Orleans

      I Samuel Cook one of the assistant Judges of Orleans Cy Court within and for said of Orleans do certify that it appears to my Satisfaction that Jedediah Hyde aforesaid did serve in the American Revolutionary War, as stated in the preceding declaration against the common enemy and I now transmit the proceedings and testimony taken and had before me to the Secretary for the department of War persuant to the directions of the aforementioned act of Congress. I also certify that except for the pension heretofore mentioned the aforesaid Jedediah Hyde is in reduced circumstances and absolutely needs the assistance of his Country for support.

      s Samuel Cooke
      Asst. Judge Orleans Court

      State of Vermont Orleans - Irasburgh May

      I the Subscriber Clerk of Orleans Court in the State of Vermont do certify that Samuel Cook Esquire is one of the assistant Judges of said Court legally appointed thereto for the year 1818 and has officiated as such since last December, that his name above subscribed is his own proper signature and that there is no Seal belonging to or established for said [word obscured by seal, probably "Court"] except that hereto affixed.

      Att s Ira H. Allen
      Clerk and Notary Public

      District of Vermont ss.

      at Irasburgh in the of Orleans On this 2d day of January 1821 personally appeared in open court being a court of record for said district and being made so by the statute law of the State having a jurisdiction unlimited in point of amount and having the power of fine and imprisonment -- Jedediah Hyde aged seventy two years, resident in Hydepark in said district circuit or corporation who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath declare that he served in the American Revolutionary War as follows.... [there follows a summary of his service record].... And I do solemnly swear that I was a resident citizen of the USA on the 18th day of March 1818; and that I have not since that time, by gift, sale, or in any manner, disposed of my property or any part thereof with the intent thereby so to diminish it as to bring myself within the provisions of an act of Congress, entitled "An act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land and naval service of the USA, in the American Revolutionary War, " passed on the 18th day of March 1818, and that I have not nor has any person in trust for me any property or securities, contracts, or debts due to me; nor have I any income other than what is contained in the schedule hereto annexed, and by me subscribed - The use of a Farm during the natural life of the said Jedediah Hyde granted to him by Arunah W. Hyde in consequence of the needy circumstances of his aged Parents, at $30.00 yearly being 100 Acres with an old house and Barn thereto, two cows $15.00 one last spring colt at $7.00 one wooden clock $3.00 one old Desk $2.00 one old wooden cart $4.00 one yoke and chains $2.00 one cutter and old harness $6.00 one cheese press $1.00 one saddle and Bridle $4.00 one old side saddle $1.00 one other side saddle $10.00 one harrow $1.00 one pare of fire dogs $1.50 one table $2.00 one fire slice and tongs $1.00 one old Brass kettle $1.00 with sundry other articles of necessary household furniture appraised at $12.13 in the whole I am by occupation a tanner and currier but have been unable to attend to this occupation for years on account of age and debility. My family consists of myself and Wife named Elizabeth aged sixty nine unable to labour for her support - s Jedediah Hyde

      Sworn to and declared on the 2d day of January A.D. 1821 -
      s Jedh Hyde

      I Ira H. Allen clerk of Orleans do hereby certify that the foregoing oath and the schedule thereto annexed are truly copied from the record of the said court; and I do further certify that it is the opinion of the said court that the total amount in value of the property exhibited in the aforesaid schedule is one hundred three dollars and sixty three cents - In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of the said Court on this 5 day of January 1821 -
      s Ira H. Allen
      Clerk of the Court of the of Orleans

      Early Settlers of Hyde Park
      Captain Jedediah Hyde, after whom the town was named, explored the wilderness of northern Vermont, with his son, Jedediah, II, in 1781, or previously, as that is the date of the town charter, and surveyed the boundaries of the township. There is a tradition that the name of the town, in the first charter drawn, was Wilkes, but, in compliment to Captain Hyde, who was principally instrumental in procuring the grant, a new charter was made before the copy was placed on record, and the name changed to Hyde's Park. By common consent, or general usage, the "s" was gradually dropped from the name, until " Hyde Park" became the universal manner of spelling and pronouncing it. The list of grantees was made up largely among the personal friends and acquaintances of Captain Hyde, in Norwich, Conn., and vicinity. Many of them had distinguished themselves in the army and navy, and were generally men of intelligence and culture.

      The first settler in the town was John McDaniel, of Scotch extraction, his name being a corruption of McDonald. In person, Mr. McDaniel was unusually large and commanding, being some six feet two or three inches in height, the very ideal of a backwoods pioneer. His name will long be held in remembrance in Hyde Park. He reached the town with his family, July 4, 1787, and immediately proceeded to erect a log house. This was, in the eyes of the early settlers, a handsome structure, being made of the best spruce logs, the bark peeled off, and the roof made partly of large shingles. The floors were of basswood planks, split and hewn. This elegant structure for such it then by comparison was located upon the Farm now owned by Terrence Finnegan, about a mile west of Hyde Park Village, on road 55. His house became the headquarters and the temporary home of those who came after McDaniel, he being almost a Father to the growing settlement. When the Hubbells, the Joneses, the Taylors, and the Guyers, of Wolcott, came up to prospect and to effect a settlement, John McDaniel's house was their resting-place, until they could look about and commence fairly for themselves. So especially of the early settlers of Hyde Park. When Jabez Fitch arrived he was welcomed and treated with great courtesy and kindness. When their meagre stores of provisions were exhaused, as often happened to the settlers, especially during their first year, they supplied themselves at McDaniel's, who did not seem to calculate whether he should be paid, but considered only their necessities, trusting to their honesty. The old house was finally superseded by a more commodious structure, where Mr. McDaniel kept a hotel for many years. He died August 12, 1834, aged eighty-six years, and was interred in the old Cemetery on the Hyde place. His only daughter became the Wife of Gamaliel Taylor.

      During the season of Mr. McDaniel's settlement here he was joined by William Norton and family, from New York, USA, and they were the first families to winter in the town. They were joined the next year by Captain Hyde, Peter Martin, Jabez Fitch, Esq., and sons, and Ephraim Garvin. These pioneers were joined within a few years, by Aaron Keeler and family, Truman Sawyer, Hon. N. P. Sawyer, and others with their families. The first settlers suffered all the privations of a life in the wilderness. The nearest grist-mill was at Cambridge, eighteen miles distant. In 1792, there was a saw and grist-mill erected in the adjoining town of Wolcott, by Hezekiah Whitney. After the town was organized, in 179T, for a period of thirty years its growth was very rapid.

      Numerous proprietors' meetings were held all of them at John McDaniel's house up to the year 1814, the last record appearing with the date, "December 30th." Nothing of especial interest to the reader appears in these records, the proprietors' meetings seeming to have been held, as appears in their warnings, principally for "making further divisions of land, " and "raising money to defray the expenses thereof." The original records were copied in a durable blank book, by Jedediah Hyde, proprietors' clerk, Nathan P. Sawyer, justice of the peace and proprietors' clerk, and by Aaron Keeler, town and proprietors' clerk. The handwriting of the latter is unusually handsome, bold and uniform.

      All of the written authorities, as far as we have been able to learn, have it that the town was organized in 1791, but the first entry in book number one of the town records is dated March 31, 1794. At this meeting John McDaniel was chosen moderator, Jabez Fitch, town clerk, and John McDaniel, Peter Martin, and Aaron Keeler, selectmen. No other officers seem to have been chosen that year.

      At a meeting held March 22, 1802, a tax of one cent on the dollar of the grand list was made, "for the purpose of securing a standard of weights and measures, guide-posts, sign-posts, and books for the records of said town."

      At a meeting held March 13, 1804, it was voted "that the town should be divided into three School districts, " and " that the two-mile tree beyond the guide-board on the Eden road, should be the boundary line for the north district, and Mill brook the boundary line between the easterly and westerly districts."

      At a meeting held March 25, 1805, it was voted "that there be a committee appointed in each district to choose land for burying the dead, and make report of their choice of ground for that purpose by the first day of June next." Thomas W. Fitch, David Clement, and Truman Sawyer were appointed as such committee for the eastern district, Jedediah Hyde, Oliver Noyes, and Darius Fitch, for the west district. The committee for the west district reported their choice of a quarter acre on Lot No. 71, first division, " on that part of the Lot adjoining the main road south of the School-house." The east district committee "selected on the third division, Lot No. 17, and on that part now owned by Mr. Cyrus Hill, adjoining the main road, " and " that one-quarter acre be sufficient, " also that " Mr. Hill will convey the premises for the consideration of $400.00, provided the town will engage to hereafter maintain the whole of the expense that shall be rendered necessary to enclose the said ground."

      At a meeting held September 2, 1806, it was voted " that the selectman be, and are hereby, requested and empowered to lease to Mr. David Brown the southerly half of the first division Lot of the Social Worship Right (so called), in this town for the rent of nine cents per acre, payable annually on the first day of January, in wheat, rye, or Indian corn, the first payment to be made the first day of January, A. D., 18 a 2 : said lease to run as long as grass grows and water runs, and that said Brown shall, on pain of forfeiture of his lease, clear, or cause to be cleared, and put under good improvement, five Acres of said southern half of said Lot, in two years from the passing of this vote."

      In 1819, at a special meeting, March 3 rst, the town voted to " hire preaching with the Social Worship money, and that Elder Jabez Newland, David Clemens, and Robert Hastings, be employed to preach it out, said money to be divided according to the different societies in said town."

      The survey of the road leading from Wolcott to Johnson, through Hyde Park, was recorded September 27, 1800. The survey of the road east of Darius Fitch's, leading from Hyde Park to Morristown, intersecting the road leading through Morristown and Stowe, was recorded September 27, 1800. The survey of the road leading from the main east and west road, to Morristown, was recorded October 1, 1800.

      The first births in town were children of Captain Hyde, Diadama, born June 17, 1789, and Jabez Perkins, born June 12, 1791. The first death was that of David Parker, who was killed by a log rolling upon him, about 1806. He was a son of Captain Hyde's second Wife, by a former marriage. The first minister who preached in town, was Lorenzo Dow. The first School was kept by Elizabeth Hyde, in Judge N. P. Sawyer's barn, about the year 1800.

      John McDaniel, Captain Hyde, Aaron Keeler, Truman Sawyer, and Jabez Fitch, served most frequently during the first years as moderator of the town meetings, or on the board of selectmen. For a few years, the election of officers comprised all the business transacted at the town-meetings, and this list was short, consisting of moderator, clerk, three selectmen, and constable. The meetings were held in private houses, the dwellings of Jabez Fitch, Darius Fitch, John Searle, and Oliver Noyes, serving as town halls, the latter being the usual resort from 1804 until 1818, when houses were used for the purpose until 1835, when a town-house was erected, "on the north side of the road, at the four corners, on land owned by Mr. Theophilus W. Fitch." At a meeting held March 3, 1857, the following resolution was adopted:

      Resolved, That the inhabitants do remove their holding of town and freemen's meetings hereafter, to Hyde Park street, that the town vote to build a suitable building, or town hall, for the same-that there be room for a high School or academy in the upper story, for which the said Village of Hyde Park agrees to contribute $500.00, and that said town borrow of the surplus fund a sufficient sum to defray the remainder of said expenses of erecting completing, and finishing said building. That the same be paid back to said surplus fund, in four annual installments, at such periods as the town may hereafter direct.

      The vote on the passage of this resolution stood 107 to 100, in the affirmative. Much dissatisfaction was expressed at this action by those residing in the eastern part of the town, but the resolution was adopted.

      During the late civil war Hyde Park furnished nine commissioned officers and 140 enlisted men towards suppressing the great Rebellion, twenty-nine of whom were killed in action, or died from wounds or diseases contracted while in the service.

      The first public religious services held in the town were conducted by Lorenzo Dow, very early in the history of the settlement, probably about 1793. A Methodist preacher, Reverend Nehemiah Sabins, preached soon after, and formed the Methodist class. Elizabeth Hyde, daughter of Captain Jedediah Hyde, at that time ten years of age, was first to join the class. The society now has a comfortable Church at North Hyde Park, and at Hyde Park Village, presided over by Reverend J. E. Bowen and Reverend Joseph W. Hitchcock, respectively.

      St Terrence Catholic Church
      The St Terrence Catholic Church, located at Hyde Park Village, was organized in 1872, by Reverend Peter Savoy. The Church building is a wood structure capable of seating 250 persons, built in 1872, at a cost of about $2, 400.00.

      Christian Church
      There is also a Christian Church at North Hyde Park, and societies of other denominations in the town, but neglect on the part of members to whom we had entrusted the collection of Church statistics, forces us to omit their mention in detail.

      (Source: Gazetteer of Lamoille and Orleans Counties, VT.; 1883-1884, Compiled and Published by Hamilton Child; May 1887, Page 91-97)

  • Sources 
    1. [S223] History of the Great Lakes, J. B. Mansfield, (Name: J. H. Beers; Location: Chicago; Date: 1899;).

    2. [S206] Hyde Genealogy Descendants in the Female as Well as in the Male Lines by Reuben Hyde Walworth, Reuben Hyde Walworth, (Date: 1864;).

    3. [S105] Connecticut; Birth, Death and Marriage Records, Fifth Book page 84.